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CYTREL NEWS REPORT
Back One Step
The introduction of tobacco supplements in blends with tobacco will open a new era for modification of tobacco products. While the future potential to alter tobacco appears limited, continuing research on supplements is indicating that advanced variants, already being researched, can produce cigarettes with even greater reduction of smoke components.
For the tobacco manufacturer, a new dimension in product design will be available to meet the changing requirements of the consumer. This briefing has been prepared by (NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES), Celanese Corporation and (NAME DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES), who have been closely associated in the UK with the technical research and development of Cytrel Tobacco Supplements. It presents a review of tobacco supplements against the background of the industry's final submissions to the Independent Scientific Committee on Smoking and Health.
Official go-ahead awaited on tobacco supplements
TOBACCO industry observers expect an official announcement soon giving the goahead for marketing cigarettes containing tobacco supplements in Britain. The announcement will mark a significant milestone in the industry's considerable scientific research and product evaluation prograrnme on supplements. Throughout there have been detailed discussions with the Department of Health and Social Security and final submissions are being made to the Independent Scientific Committee on Smoking and Health, set up by the British Government in 1973.
These submissions were required under the scientific guidelines announced by the committee, under the Chairmanship of Dr. R. B. Hunter, Vice-Chancellor of Birmingham University, in April 1975.
There are two supplements awaiting approval New Smoking Material, the product jointly developed by Imperial Tobacco and ICI, and Cytrel Tobacco Supplements produced by Celanese Corporation, one of the w orld's leading chemical companies.
Opens a new era
In the UK, two major cigarette companies, (NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) and (NAME DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES), have long-term supply contracts with Celanese for Cytrel and have already conducted satisfactory consumer acceptability trials with cigarettes containing this supplement.
John Offerdahl, Market Director of Cytrel Tobacco Supplements, said: "The official go-ahead for supplements will open up a new era in smoking for the consumer. Cytrel, for example, contains no nicotine and has one-third to one-seventh the tar content of average tobacco. It is cellulosebased,
looks like tobacco and takes on the taste of the tobacco with which it is blended."
(NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) said: "We examined a range of tobacco supplements including Cytrel. Clearly, the financing of research in this whole area is extremely expensive and the decision to concentrate on Cytrel was taken after careful and extensive examination of the available alternatives."
(NAME DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) said: "Our company have been closely associated with Cytrel and we plan to blend it into our cigarettes for marketing once cleararJre has been given."
The Celanese programme of research and development of Cytrel—they were the first company in the field, starting in 1957 —has involved an investment well in excess of $20 million. It includes more than 18 years of biological and checnical testing, the setting up of a pilot manufacturing plant and the opening a year ago of a fully commercial plant in Cumberland Maryland. This has been producing and shipping Cytrel since October
1975, and has a capacity of over 20 million Ibs. a year.
For four years Celanese have been collaborating in the UK with (NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) on Cytrel and this consortium has invested a further £3.5m. million on obtaining the scientific data to comply with the Hunter guidelines.
"Among the three companies," said Mr. Offerdahl, "we have taken very exacting precautions in the development of Cytrel and products containing Cytrel. During the past 19 years Cytrel has also undergone extensive examination by independent and governmental scientific experts and the results
attained suggest identifiable opportunities to smokers in terms of lower tar and nicotine content as well as reductions in other smoke components."
Cigarettes containing Cytrel have been on sale on the Continent for two years. They were first launched in Germany by (NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) and by British American Tobacco GmbH in Leichte Classe. Public reaction was disappointing, however a short while later in early 1975, the Swiss company, (NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES), introduced (NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) blended with 20 per cent.
Cytrel Tobacco Supplements
Cytrel, and smokers in Switzerland have been much quicker to take to this new cigarette. As expected, sales have continued to increase steadily rather than dramatically and (NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) is now an established brand.
During 1974 both (NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) were given approval by the Hunter committee to conduct consumer acceptability tests in the UK with cigarettes containing,blends of Cytrel and tobacco. These tests were held in various parts of the country and the companies report public reaction as "extremely encouraging."
"These tests prove that the British smoker would accept cigarettes containing a blend of Cytrel and we are confident that will be the case when welaunch hopefully soon."
THE HISTORY of tobacco supplements can be traced back sixty years or more when the Germans smoked lime flowers during the first World War. Since then, some manufacturers have used plants, other than tobacco, for various commercial reasons and even some entrepreneurs have turned to things like lettuce leaves. But all have been unsuccessful.
Serious scientific research began in the 1950s in view of the possible interest aroused by articles on tobacco tars which advocated for the first time the production of cigarettes with lower tar yields. Vast sums of industry money were diverted to research in this field, and within five years or so the filter tip was the cigarette on everyone's lips.
Celanese Corporation became one of the leaders in the development of cellulose acetate fibres for filter tips and nearly 20 years ago their scientists turned their attention to a man-made supplement.
The following timetable of highlights has been prepared from available public information. It shows the enormous combined investment in terms of effort, dedication and skill, by the scientists of commercial interests and governmental authorities to achieve smoking satisfaction.
1957: Celanese scientists initiated.in the US the concept of a tobacco supplement based on modified cellulose.
1958: Celanese funds tobacco supplement research programme.
Early 1960s: Mounting public interest over the levels of tar and nicotine content in cigarettes. In Britain, the Royal College of Physicians Report on smoking and health was published.
1964:Publication of the first US Surgeon General report on smoking and health. Celanese begins tobacco trade sampling of its prototype tobacco supplement. Celanese broadens first big-systems assay and smoke chemistry analysis.
1965: Imperial Chemical Industries implements tobacco supplements research activity at its laboratories in Scotland.
1966: Emphasis on Celanese tobacco supplement programmes moves to product development levels.
ICI implemented joint venture with Imperial Tobacco in Britain. Imperial Developments Ltd. formed by the two partner companies to carry through research and development.
Third British company, Courtaulds Ltd., entered the field and commenced research and development on a supplement.called Tabrelle.
An American company—Bravo Inc. of Hereford, Texas—marketed a lettuce leaf cigarette. Initially, they were marketed through the Tesco supermarket chain in Britain. They were subsequently withdrawn due, it is believed, to lack of public acceptance of the taste.
Celanese sets up a pilot plant in Charlotte, North Carolina, to support extensive product and trade development efforts. They also initiatebiological and smoking testing of advanced Cytrel variants.
Press reports that the ICI and Courtaulds research and development work progressing. British Standing Scientific Liaison Committee was established to monitor and evaluate developments in the tobacco supplements field.
Courtaulds set up a pilot production plant in Coventry. Shaws Smokers Products Ltd., a joint venture between Alec Shaw, a tobacco expert and the Scottish Co-Operative Wholesale Society, formed to develop a tobacco supplement. Celanese announces semi-works plants for its Cytrel development/manufacturing efforts. (Subsequently Celanese defers construction plan to re-assess market timing.)
ICI announced additional investment into its tobacco supplement NSM, New Smoking Material, for testing.
Celanese conducts extended consumer testing in the United States. Results indicate consumer acceptance of man-made supplement concept and acceptance of aesthetics in 20-40 per cent blends of Cytrel.
British Government appoint Dr. R. B. Hunter, Vice Chancellor of Birmingham University to Chair an Independent Scientific Committee on Smoking and Health. Known as the Hunter Committee.
Courtaulds test-marketed a 50/50 tobacco supplement blend in Coventry and Nuneaton. There was considerable press comment, questions were raised in Parliament and the company was requested to withdraw the brand after three weeks.
Imperial Tobacco announced intention to produce cigarette with a cellulose tobacco supplement. Construction of a £10 million plant for Imperial Developments began in Ardeer, Scotland.
Celanese announces details of cytrel Tobacco Supplements. Cytrel supply contracts signed with (NAME DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) and (NAME DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) Joint material evaluation programme started by the three-company consortium. Celanese announce construction of a
Cytrel plant in Cumberland, Maryland, USA. Initial capacity, 9 million lb. a year.
Imperial Tobacco announce plans to conduct consumer acceptability tests in the UK with cigarettes containing NSM. (NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) also announced tests with Cytrel. The Hunter Committee had given both companies the go-ahead for these consumer trials.
In Germany, Federal Ministry of Health approve sales of cigarettes containing tobacco s u p p I e m e n t s . First brands launched by (NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) The brands, (NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) respectively contained blends of Cytrel and tobacco.
Two other German companies, Bayer the chemicals combine and the Reetsma tobacco group announced a joint supplement product, called RCN.
The Swiss tobacco company, (NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) Iaunch a new brand, (NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES), containing blends of Cytrel and tobacco after receiving the go-ahead from the Swiss health authorities in Berne.
The joint Shaw-Scottish Co-op project in Scotland abandoned.
(NAMES DELETED FOR LEGAL PURPOSES) conduct consumer acceptability tests in the UK with cigarettes blended with several supplements including NSM and Cytrel and decide on Cytrel.
The Hunter Committee three-stage guidelines on the use of tobacco supplements published.
Dr. Gio B. Gori of the National Institure of Health writing in the Journal of the American Medical Association stated that the results of tobacco substitutes may parallel those achieved when manufacturers switched to filters.
"World Tobacco" magazine disclosed that another supplement, the Swiss-made Polystrep, being tested in Europe and a major chemical and fibre company in Japan working with the Japan Tobacco Corporation on a supplement. British American Tobacco also had developed a supplement, called BAT-Flake.
Cytrel plant started world's first commercial production of a tobacco supplement. Annual capacity increased to more than 20 million lb.
British Government announced plans for the statutory licensing of tobacco substi. tutes and additives under the Medicines Act. Legislation to be announced later.
Dr. Hunter addressing doctors in Edinburgh about his committee's studies of tobacco supplements said "We have very nearly excluded the possibility of unexpected hazard."
Courtaulds decided to shelve its work on Tabrelle. So did Bayer-Reetsma with RCN. Both groups said they were ready to re-start when the demand for supplements had grown.
In the US, R. J. Reynolds, one of the world's largest tobacco companies, disclosed it had developed a non-tobacco smoking material made from cereal grains that may offer a way to lower cigarette tar and nicotine levels without reducing "smoker satisfaction".
The Polystrep project was discontinued and later acquired by Swiss subsidiary of Phillip Morris.
The third smoking and health report from the Royal College of Physicians completed. Publication is expected during the spring.
David Ennals, Social Services Secretary, announced in Parliament a three-year agreement with the tobacco industry which included a stronger on-pack health warning and elimination of high tar brand advertising. Mr. Ennals also announced voluntary agreement with the industry over the testing and marketing of cigarettes containing tobacco substitutes and additives as laid down by the guidelines of the Hunter Committee.
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95% of our orders are shipped the day they are received.
- You MUST be at least 18 years of age to purchase tobacco products in Tennessee!
- We do not sell tobacco products in Maine or Arizona.
- All Packages are shipped US Post Office unless you specify UPS.
- All Customers will be Charged for Shipping & Return Postage on any Refused or Returned package(s).
- International Customers: You are to check with your local customs & duty officials to see if there are additional duties or fees required, or if there are prohibitions on tobacco or amounts of tobacco which can be shipped to your country.
- Charge card customers may order by calling
- To check on an order call 865-436-4412, 9am-3pm Eastern Time Monday-Friday.
- Visit our showroom on D-Level of the Mountain Mall, on the corner of Parkway and River Road in Gatlinburg!
- We are open 7 days a week.
- Prices subject to change without prior notice.
- No Cash Refunds. Merchandise credit ONLY on returns.
- We DO NOT ship cigarettes.
603 Skyline Dr.
Gatlinburg, TN 37738
24hr Fax: 1-865-430-7476
© 2009 Gatlinburlier, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Here is the change in government you were promised!
THE GATLINBURLIER DOES NOT SHIP CIGARETTES.
Change in the form of a 30% or better increase to the cost of tobacco products with an added dose of insult. Get mad. Call your representatives and call them a name. Economically Ignorant Extortionist Fool, is politically correct and accurate. Here is the phone number for contacting your US Senators.
Here is the phone number for contacting your US Senators.
PHONE NOW: 202-224-3121
Tobacconists are as helpless as any other victim of organized crime. Maybe we are even more helpless since we face criminals masquerading as government representatives.
The time for nice words and platitudes has passed. The tax-gouging Congress has declared war on 20% of the American population. They have used taxation as a method of discrimination and discrimination as a tactic for persecution. Their punitive taxes have caused tremendous price increases for product, and you and we in the tobacco business have no representation to or protection from our government. Our forefathers went to war over a few pennies increase in the tax on tea, while we suffer from tax increases in the hundreds of percents. We too are being forced to cede our freedoms or also go to war.
The government’s negative economic radical action against smokers will cause decreased tax revenues for the programs that these new taxes were to fund, and sooner rather than later, all will share in the misery caused by congressmen turned extortionists. It is way past time for being the squeaky wheel. It is time to be the screeching halt. Consider acts of civil disobedience before your obedience becomes subservience.
Ira T. Lapides, PhD